Tooth extraction means removing your teeth from the jaw. Removal of the tooth becomes important when it is too badly damaged or decayed and cannot be repaired simply by filling. Still, there are several other reasons for a tooth to get affected.
Why Do You Need Tooth Extraction?
The dentist will recommend a tooth extraction if you have the following conditions:
- Severe tooth decay or infection: Generally, pulp infection can be treated with root canal therapy. If the infection is so severe that root canal therapy (RCT) cannot cure it, then you are left with tooth extraction. This procedure will prevent the infection from getting disseminated to the bloodstream.
- Gum (periodontal) disease: During a periodontal disease, the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth become infected which results in the loosening of the teeth. If treated early, we can save the tooth but in severe cases, it becomes necessary to remove that tooth.
- Overcrowded mouth: When your mouth doesn’t have adequate space to occupy all the teeth, they might get misaligned. If you want to go for braces for teeth straightening, you may need to remove your teeth to free some space.
- For dentures and implants: To fit complete dentures properly, it is necessary to remove all the teeth.
- Tooth impaction: Failure of the tooth to erupt from the jaw within an expected developmental time. The tooth can remain there throughout the lifetime. A tooth can be fully impacted meaning it is completely covered by the gum or partially impacted means only a part of it is visible. This condition commonly occurs with wisdom teeth.
Types Of Tooth Extraction
There are mainly two types of tooth extraction:
- Simple Tooth Extraction: Simple tooth extraction is quite simple. The dentist will inject a local anesthetic and use dental tools to extract the tooth. Simple extractions often occur when the tooth is visible and can be removed. Since the dentist does not have to make an incision in the gum line, you will not need stitches. This procedure often involves the removal of diseased teeth that fillings cannot repair. Fractured teeth are also common reasons for getting a simple extraction.
- Surgical Tooth Extraction: Surgical tooth extractions often occur when a tooth is not visible in the mouth. This includes the extraction of wisdom teeth. If you want to get braces, you must first remove teeth that have not erupted or teeth that are not yet visible. When a dentist performs this type of extraction, they make an incision in the connective tissues of the gums. It will then allow the dentist to extract the tooth. Sometimes a dentist needs to cut the tooth or the surrounding bone tissue into smaller pieces to remove it. Surgical removal procedures are more difficult and will cost you more. It will also take longer to prepare, such as getting an x-ray of your teeth. You will have stitches from the procedure, so it will take longer to heal.