Root Canal Therapy (Endodontics)

Home » Services » Root Canal Therapy (Endodontics)

Root canal therapy, otherwise called endodontics, is a dental procedure in which the decaying and infected part of the tooth is repaired while saving the non infected part from getting infected. This is done without removing the teeth. Root canal literally means the passage in the root involving pulp with the associated blood vessels, nerves, and other cells. It’s this pulp that nourishes the teeth. As this pulp gets infected, it is removed in this procedure.

Why Do You Need A Root Canal?

Infection of the pulp can occur due to the following reasons:

  • Deep cavity in the pulp
  • Loose filling
  • Cracked tooth

All the above conditions can allow bacteria to enter the pulp, multiply, and cause inflammation, followed by pus formation. It can also lead to infection of the underlying jawbone. 

The symptoms of pulp infection are:

  • Continuous or intermittent pain while chewing 
  • Increased sensitivity to low and high temperature 
  • Swollen tooth followed by its loosening
  • Facial swelling due to infection of the facial bone transmitted from the pulp

Types Of Root Canal

There are different types of root canal treatments that can be performed depending on your unique needs.

  • Non-Surgical Root Canal Treatment: It removes the inner nerve tissue of the tooth and seals the inner chamber.
  • Apicoectomy: An apicoectomy is a procedure used when non-surgical root canal treatment has failed. In this case, the root tip of your tooth is removed and a filling material is used to seal the canal.
  • Pulpotomy and Pulpectomy: Pulpotomies and pulpectomies are usually procedures performed on baby teeth, basically root canals for children. In a pulpotomy, the affected pulp from the chamber of the tooth is removed and the healthy pulp is left in the roots of your child’s teeth. A pulpotomy only works if only part of the inner nerve tissue in your child’s tooth is affected.

In a pulpectomy, the entire pulp is removed and replaced with a filling material. This procedure is usually performed for teeth that cannot be saved with a simple pulpotomy due to extensive infection.

Results with Root Canal

The outcome and success depend upon the intensity of the problem and the type of root canal used by the patient.