Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, can cause more than just an unsightly smile – it can lead to tooth loss and, if left untreated, other more serious oral health problems. In periodontal disease, inflamed and unhealthy gums begin to separate from the teeth due to pockets where infectious plaque and tartar accumulate.
The typical warning signs of this condition include red, swollen, or bleeding gums. If diagnosed early, we can help you repair the damage. In case of late detection, we use one of many effective restorative dentistry procedures to restore your gums to their healthy state according to your unique needs.
Why Do You Need To Visit A Dentist For Gum Disease?
Gum disease can progress painlessly and develop few obvious signs, even in the later stages of the disease, such as:
- Bleeding gums during and after brushing teeth
- Red and swollen gums. Healthy gums should be pink and firm
- Frequent bad breath or a bad taste
- Receding gums
- Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Loose teeth
- Changes in the way teeth fit together when bitten or in the fit of partial dentures
Although the symptoms of periodontal disease are often subtle, the condition is not entirely free of warning signs.
In some people, gum disease may only affect certain teeth, such as molars. Only a dentist or periodontist can recognize and determine the progression of gum disease.
Types Of Gum Disease Treatment
There are varied gum disease treatments depending on the stage of the disease, response to previous treatments, and your overall health condition. Treatments range from non-surgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supporting tissues.
- Non-Surgical Treatments:
- Professional Dental Cleaning: In this procedure, your dentist will remove plaque and tartar above and below the gum line from all of your teeth. If you are showing signs of gum disease, your dentist may recommend professional dental cleaning more than twice a year.
- Scaling and Root Planing: It is a non-surgical deep cleansing procedure, performed under local anesthesia, during which plaque and tartar above and below the gum line (scaling) are scraped off and rough patches of the gum line are smoothed.
- Surgical Treatments:
- Flap Surgery/Bursal Reduction Surgery: During this procedure, the gums are lifted and tartar is removed. In some cases, the uneven surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed out to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide.
- Bone Grafts: This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace the bone destroyed by gum disease.
- Soft Tissue Grafts: It strengthens thin gums or fills in areas where the gums have receded.
- Guided Tissue Regeneration: When the bone that supports the teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates the growth of bone and gum tissue. It is performed in combination with flap surgery, where a small mesh-like piece of tissue is inserted between the bone and the gum tissue.
- Bone Surgery: This procedure smoothes shallow craters in the bone due to moderate and advanced bone loss. After flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to reduce craters.
Results with Gum Disease Treatments
Right gum disease treatments taken at the right time can reduce the need for future surgery while helping swollen, bleeding gums return to a healthy, pink appearance.