Dental Bridging

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Dental bridges consist of artificial teeth and crowns to bridge the gap in the jaw created by one or more missing teeth. A bridge has two parts, pontics and crowns. The pontic is the middle part that occupies the empty position and can be made of gold, alloys, and porcelain. The crowns are present on either side of the pontic and are fitted over already present teeth.

Why Do You Need Dental Bridging?

A dentist will recommend you to have dental bridging if you have the following problems:

  • If you are missing one or more teeth. The most common causes of tooth loss are tooth decay, gum disease, and injury
  • If a tooth is missing, neighboring teeth can move into the empty space. The teeth of the opposite jaw can also move up or down in space. This can lead to biting problems and difficulty in chewing
  • If you are missing three teeth in a row
  • If you’re not the suitable candidate for dental implants
  • Pain due to extra stress on the teeth and jaw because of a missing tooth

Types Of Dental Bridges

Dental bridges are of four types:

  1. Traditional Bridges: These are the bridges having pontics in the middle and crowns on both sides. It doesn’t prevent jawbone degeneration. The adjacent teeth become permanently damaged due to the removal of enamel and need crowning for further protection.
  2. Cantilever Bridges: It is used when the missing teeth are at the end of the jaw and there is only one adjacent tooth. They are rarely used nowadays as they cause damage to the rest of the teeth.
  3. Maryland Bonded Bridge: It consists of a false tooth in the middle, and on both sides of the tooth, there are wing-like structures fixed to the back of adjacent teeth. The adjacent teeth need not be filed. However, it’s not recommended in areas like molars where biting pressure is high.
  4. Implant Supported Bridge: Dentists recommend this type when you have more than one missing tooth. Here, the bridge is not supported by a crown or wings but with the help of implants. It is a costlier process. However, this type has long-term advantages as it is the only process that helps in jawbone regeneration.

Results with Dental Bridging

The outcome and success depend upon the type of bridge used by the patient. Implant supported bridge offers the best outcome known so far.