Dental braces are metal-based wire-like appliances used to fix misaligned teeth. Although there are various types of braces each working in a slightly different manner, all of them have the same purpose: correction of misaligned teeth.
Why Do You Need Dental Braces?
A dentist will recommend you to have braces if you have the following dental issues:
- Crooked teeth: if your teeth are crowded or protruded, they need to be straightened.
- Gaping teeth: if there is a significant gap in between the teeth, this space should be closed by crowding the teeth a little bit.
- Malocclusion: malocclusion means that the teeth of both the jaws do not meet properly during a bite. You call it overbite if the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth too much vertically. Another type is underbite if the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth vertically.
Types of Braces
There are different types of braces each having its own pros and cons. Our dentist will have a proper diagnosis of the situation and recommend you the best braces depending on your oral condition and your preference.
- Traditional Metal Braces: These braces have three components as:
- Brackets: They are glued to the surface of the teeth.
- Wires: As wires are flexible, it can connect all the brackets to the band.
- Bands: These are ring-shaped which encircles the moral teeth and provides support for the whole framework.
- Elastic Ties: It is like a rubber band and ties the wire to the brackets. They are visible and associated with an increased risk of tooth decay.
- Self Ligating Braces: They are similar to the traditional metal braces, but don’t use elastic ties. These are more hygienic than the above as they don’t hold much food due to the absence of elastic ties.
- Ceramic Braces: These braces use metal as the wire and ceramic for the brackets. The ceramic or wires can make teeth color paler and make them less appealing. The elastic bands get stained if not cleaned properly. They are costlier than metallic braces.
- Lingual Braces: These metallic braces are fitted to the backside of your teeth so they are apparently invisible from the outside. They are also known as hidden braces.
- Invisible Braces: Unlike other braces, invisible braces are made of clear transparent plastic aligners which fit over your teeth as a cover and are barely noticeable. They are also called removable braces because they are manually removed before eating, or brushing. They are as effective as metal braces.
Results with Dental Braces
Dental braces are very effective and deliver astonishing results. The success rate is about 98%. Dental braces work most effectively when the teeth and jaw are still in growing stage (up to the age of 14). However, braces are effective at any age and one should not delay if there is a need for braces.